In the late 1890s the French began to colonize Niger. In 1902, the French built a military fort in Niamey, a small fishing village at the time. Then, in 1926, the French moved their colonial capital from Zinder to Niamey to facilitate trade along the Niger River with other French territories in West Africa.
How long was Niger colonized by France?
The French Colony of Niger (French: Colonie du Niger) was a French colonial possession covering much of the territory of the modern West African state of Niger, as well as portions of Mali, Burkina Faso and Chad. It existed in various forms from 1900 to 1960 but was titled the Colonie du Niger only from 1922 to 1960.
When did France colonize?
French colonial empire
|French colonial empire Empire colonial français|
|Left: Royal Standard of France (before 1792) Right: Flag of the French Empire|
|French colonial empire 17th century-20th century France First colonial empire (after 1534) Second colonial empire (after 1830)|
How did Niger gain independence from France?
Independence. On 11 July 1960 France agreed to Niger becoming fully independent. The French Fifth Republic passed a revision of the French Community allowing membership of independent states. … Subsequently, in November 1960 Diori was elected to the new position of President of Niger by the National Assembly.
When did France colonize Africa?
The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the …
Who colonized Morocco?
The French Protectorate consisted of a majority, about nine-tenths, of Morocco. France controlled the Moroccan land to the south of the Spanish Protectorate. The capital city of the French Protectorate was Rabat (History of Morocco to the Present Day, Moroccansands.com).
How many countries did France colonize?
During the Colonial period in Africa, the British and the French colonized more than 95% of the continent. The British colonized twenty-two African states while the French colonized twenty.
Does France still have colonies?
Since 1929, the size of the French empire has shrunk dramatically. But like other European colonial powers, the French empire never disappeared entirely. Today, you can find the vestiges of the French Empire in islands and territories located around the world.
Why did the French empire fall?
Collapse of the empire
The French colonial empire began to fall apart during the Second World War, when various parts of their empire were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria and Lebanon, the US and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, Germany in Tunisia).
Why did France colonize?
Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism. … The French in particular created alliances with the Hurons and Algonquians.
How old is the country of Niger?
|Republic of the Niger République du Niger (French)|
|• Republic proclaimed||18 December 1958|
|• Declared||3 August 1960|
|• Total||1,267,000 km2 (489,000 sq mi) (21st)|
Who are some famous people from Niger?
- Hama Amadou, former Prime Minister.
- Kalla Ankourao, former minister.
- Djibo Bakary, colonial premier and Sawaba party leader.
- Bibata Niandou Barry lawyer and minister.
- Hamani Diori, first President.
- Mahamadou Issoufou, present Leader of the Opposition, former prime minister.
- Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President, 1996-1999.