The Zambian government has adopted a number of policy and legal frameworks aimed at enhancing the inclusion and participation of people with disabilities in various social activities (Matafwali, 2007).
What is inclusive education in Zambia?
According to Ainscow (2005) inclusive education is the most common. approach used to address the educational needs of all children regardless of their disabilities, sex, age, religion, or ethnicity of the child. From that background, the Ministry of Education (1996) upholds a.
Is inclusive education a right in Zambia?
This policy endorsed the inclusion of children with disabilities in general education settings and set the stage for inclusive education in Zambia. The Constitution of Zimbabwe, which is the supreme law of the country, makes education a right for all children (Government of Zimbabwe, 2013).
What are the barriers of inclusive education in Zambia?
The issue of inadequate funding to schools to a great extent hinders implementation of inclusive education in Zambia. For instance, unsuitable infrastructure, inadequate learning resources, inadequate trained teachers in special education could all be attributed to inadequate funding by the government.
What are the principles of developing education in Zambia?
Education in Zambia is intended to serve individual, social and economic wellbeing and to enhance the quality of life for all. This aim will be guided by the principles of liberalization, decentralization, equality, equity, partnership, and accountability.
What is the origin of special education in Zambia?
Special education was brought in Zambia by the missionaries. They opened up a school for children with disabilities and made the first attempt to teach in the Eastern province in 1905. A school for hearing impairment in Magwero was opened in 1929 by Miss Ella.
What are the benefits of inclusive education?
The students can now learn from the lesson how to help each other. Socialization in the school allows the students to learn communication skills and interaction skills from each other. Students can build friendships from these interactions. The students can also learn about hobbies from each other.
How important is inclusive education?
Inclusive education (when practiced well) is very important because: All children are able to be part of their community and develop a sense of belonging and become better prepared for life in the community as children and adults. … It provides all children with opportunities to develop friendships with one another.
What are the challenges of inclusive education?
Generally, according to professor Tirusew, the challenge towards inclusive education could emanate from different directions such as attitudinal factors, resistance to change, rigid school systems and learning environment, lack of clear educational strategies, lack of instructional and learning materials and inadequate …
What are the challenges of disability mainstreaming in Zambia?
In Zambia, negative community attitudes cause stigmatization and discrimination of PWID, preventing access to community opportunities like education, employment, and social inclusion. At a national level, disability issues are not properly mainstreamed throughout the ministries.
What is the role of government in inclusive education?
Providing legal action and legislation: The government is responsible to provide legal action and legislations to foster inclusive education and schooling. This implies that the educational policies must take a rights based approach, supported by appropriate legislations.
What do you understand by the term inclusive education?
Inclusive education means all children in the same classrooms, in the same schools. It means real learning opportunities for groups who have traditionally been excluded – not only children with disabilities, but speakers of minority languages too.