Kenya’s wildlife and unique landscapes have attracted a growth in ecotourism, and much of its economy is now primarily sustained by foreign revenue brought in by tourism, causing a myriad of positive and negative impacts to its culture, ecosystems, and the lifestyles of its local people.
How much does Kenya rely on tourism?
In 2019, travel and tourism contributed 7.9 billion U.S. dollars to Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the same amount of 2018. Overall, the value added by tourism in the country’s economy increased from 2009 onwards. In that year, the sector contribution to GDP was 3.8 billion U.S. dollars.
How important is tourism to Kenya?
Tourism in Kenya is a source of foreign exchange and income for the government. This helps reduce dependence on other sectors such as agriculture, which are subject to weather and market conditions that can often be unpredictable. In the past, up to 21% of Kenya’s national income has been derived from tourism.
Does Kenya have an important tourism industry?
Tourism has been an important part of Kenya’s recent history, resulting in the creation of vast national parks and game reserves, the outlawing of hunting, and generating a high percentage of GDP.
What are the disadvantages of tourism in Kenya?
- Conflict between tourists and locals.
- Majority of the income is kept by the big travel companies.
- Transportation of the tourists means more greenhouse gases are released, increasing global warming.
- Litter and pollution is increasing.
- Jobs can be poorly paid and are seasonal.
Which is the main problem facing tourism in Kenya?
The major problems facing domestic tourism were found to include low levels of income among the local people, lack of awareness, high prices of tourist products, lack of promotion, general economic instability and’lack of information on the local market.
Is Kenya a LIC or nee?
Kenya is an example of a low income country (LIC) . Gross National Income (GNI) is $1,290 per person compared to $42,000 per person in the UK. Life expectancy is 62 years and infant mortality 36 per 1,000.
What are the negative impacts of tourism?
Positive and negative impacts of tourism
|New facilities for the tourists also benefit locals, eg new roads||Overcrowding and traffic jams|
|Greater demand for local food and crafts||Prices increase in local shops as tourists are often more wealthy than the local population|