Your question: Is African American capitalized in APA reference?

Currently both the terms “Black” and “African American” are widely accepted, while “Negro” and “Afro-American” are not. … Capitalize Black and White when the words are used as proper nouns to refer to social groups. Do not use color words for other ethnic groups.

Is African American hyphenated APA?

Asian Americans have eschewed the hyphen for years, but the African American community has been less unified in whether to use it or not: the National Museum of African American History and Culture does not use the hyphen, for example, while some other institutions, including student organizations, still hyphenate.

Should the word African American be capitalized?

As a proper noun, like Negro (Spanish for ‘black‘) or African American, it should be capitalized. The claim that black is a color word requiring lowercase makes meaning the major criterion for determining upper versus lower case. However, capitalization is determined by whether a term is a proper noun or not.

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What should be capitalized in APA references?

Capitalize the first word of the title/heading and of any subtitle/subheading; Capitalize any proper nouns and certain other types of words; and. Use lowercase for everything else.

Do you capitalize black when referring to race MLA?

Color words for race: Chicago, AP, and MLA all say to lowercase black and white when used to designate race. Chicago does have the caveat that authors with a strong preference to capitalize these words may do so. APA disagrees and says that authors should use Black and White.

Is American capitalized in APA?

Proper nouns include the specific names of people, places, and things. Names of racial and ethnic groups are treated as proper nouns, which means they are capitalized (e.g., African American, Asian American, Black, European American, First Nations, Hispanic, Native American, Latinx, White).

What are the 6 ethnic groups?

Definitions for Racial and Ethnic Categories

  • American Indian or Alaska Native. …
  • Asian. …
  • Black or African American. …
  • Hispanic or Latino. …
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. …
  • White.

Is Caucasian capitalized APA?

Racial and ethnic groups are designated by proper nouns and are capitalized. Therefore, use “Black” and “White” instead of “black” and “white” (do not use colors to refer to other human groups; doing so is considered pejorative). Likewise, capitalize terms such as “Native American,” “Hispanic,” and so on.

Is Elon Musk African American?

Musk was born to a Canadian mother and South African father and raised in Pretoria, South Africa. He briefly attended the University of Pretoria before moving to Canada aged 17 to attend Queen’s University.

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Is African an ethnicity?

The term African [origin] in the context of scientific writing on race and ethnicity usually refers to a person with African ancestral origins who self identifies or is identified by others as African, but usually excludes those residents of Africa of other ancestry, for example, Europeans and South Asians and …

What is the reference page in APA format?

It provides the who, when, what, and where information for each different resource you used. Like the paper itself, the reference list includes similar elements to what is found in the body of the paper like an optional running header, title, double spacing, page number, and 1-inch margins.

Do you italicize book titles in APA references?

In APA, use italics for titles of books, scholarly journals, periodicals, films, videos, television shows, and microfilm publications. Quotation marks or italics are not required for articles, webpages, songs, episodes, etc.

How should reference be listed in the APA reference list?

Order of references:

  • For APA the reference list is arranged in alphabetical order of authors’ surnames.
  • Arrange by first author’s name, then by second author if you have the same first author, etc. …
  • If a reference has no author, list it alphabetically according to the title.

Should Black be capitalized Chicago Manual of Style?

Chicago now prefers “Black” with a capital “B” when it refers to racial and ethnic identity. “White” may also be capitalized when used in this sense, though individual preferences should be respected, and usage may depend on context.

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What is race vs ethnicity example?

An example of race is brown, white, or black skin (all from various parts of the world), while an example of ethnicity is German or Spanish ancestry (regardless of race) or Han Chinese. Your race is determined by how you look while your ethnicity is determined based on the social and cultural groups you belong to.

Do you capitalize civil rights movement?

In the prose that crosses my desk I regularly find references to the Civil Rights Movement, always capitalized. … I checked the Corpus of Contemporary American English, which shows a mixture: civil rights movement, Civil Rights movement, Civil Rights Movement—though the lowercase term is overwhelmingly dominant.

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