Iron played a central role in many societies of early Africa. It held both spiritual and material power. Physically, Africans used iron to create tools for agriculture, utensils for everyday life, and weapons for protection and conquest (Shillington, 2012, p. 45).
What advantages did iron tools give to ancient African civilizations?
The fabrication of iron tools and weapons allowed for the kind of extensive systematized agriculture, efficient hunting, and successful warfare necessary to sustain large urban centers.
What was the impact of iron on West Africa?
Metal provided early human societies with a superior raw material for making their tools, weapons and decorative ornaments. Metal could be shaped, joined, sharpened and decorated in a far wider range of ways than stone.
Why were iron workers important to the empire of Ghana?
The development of iron resources, and the ironworking skills of the people, helped produce weapons, such as iron-pointed spears, which led to easy expansion of Ghana’s territories and its conquest of neighboring tribes.
How did early West Africans use iron and what caused the population to grow after the people there discovered how do you work with iron?
West Africans discovered they could heat certain kinds of rock to get a hard metal, iron, which they could heat to shape into useful tools and weapons. … useful iron farming tools, like the hoe, for digging. What were the most valuable goods traded across the Sahara? The most valuable goods traded were gold and salt.
How did iron change the world?
Iron made life a lot easier in those days, when just living to the age of 45 was a feat. … Iron farming tools, such as sickles and plough tips, made the process more efficient and allowed farmers to exploit tougher soils, try new crops and have more time for other activities.
How was iron made in ancient times?
Iron was originally smelted in bloomeries, furnaces where bellows were used to force air through a pile of iron ore and burning charcoal. The carbon monoxide produced by the charcoal reduced the iron oxide from the ore to metallic iron.
How did iron working spread in Africa?
Although some nineteenth-century European scholars favored an indigenous invention of iron working in sub-Saharan Africa, archaeologists writing between 1945 and 1965 mostly favored diffusion of iron smelting technology from Carthage across the Sahara to West Africa and/or from Meroe on the upper Nile to central Africa …
Where was iron invented?
The Iron Age began around 1200 B.C. in the Mediterranean region and Near East with the collapse of several prominent Bronze Age civilizations, including the Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Hittite Empire in Turkey.
Why is the iron age important?
The Iron Age helped many countries to become more technologically advanced. Metalwork made tasks like farming easier, as the iron tools were much better than what the people had before. During the Iron Age, farmers used an ‘ard’ (an iron plough) to turn over their fields.
What was the iron used for?
Iron is an enigma – it rusts easily, yet it is the most important of all metals. 90% of all metal that is refined today is iron. Most is used to manufacture steel, used in civil engineering (reinforced concrete, girders etc) and in manufacturing.
How did the NOK benefit from iron making?
These were mostly fragmentary sculptures, buried under some 8 metres (26 ft) of sand and earth, which were tossed up during local mining operations for tin in the first half of the 20th century CE. The Nok culture prospered thanks to iron-smelting technology which permitted the manufacture of iron tools.
How did the use of iron change farming?
How did the use of iron change farming? Iron blades allowed people to cut down trees and clear land for farms, this caused the population to grow. Also, a new gardening tool was made from iron. It was called the hoe.
How did the ability to make iron tools affect food production?
How did the ability to make iron tools affect the food production and the types of jobs that the villagers performed in West Africa? With the knew iron tools, farmers could clear land and grow crops more efficiently then when they were using stone tools.
How did iron factor in the development of the West African kingdoms?
This was the use of iron. The use of iron to make tools and weapons helped some people to expand their control over neighboring people. These changes called for new forms of social organization, contributing to the development of centralized, powerful empires.