Why does South Africa rely on coal?
SA has abundant coal reserves. Coal-fired power stations are reliable. South Africa’s infrastructure to generate electricity from coal is well established. Burning coal is the most cost-effective and energy efficient way of generating electricity.
How much does South Africa rely on coal?
South Africa’s indigenous energy resource base is dominated by coal. Internationally, coal is the most widely used primary fuel, accounting for about 36 percent of the total fuel consumption of the world’s electricity production. About 77 percent of South Africa’s primary energy needs are provided by coal.
Is coal scarce in South Africa?
South Africa is highly dependent on coal – almost 90% of its energy comes from coal-fired power stations. The urgency of change is clear on both global and local levels. … South Africa isn’t the only country in the world attempting to adjust its energy mix by moving away from fossil fuels to cleaner power sources.
Is South Africa rich in coal?
South Africa produces in excess of 255 million tonnes of coal (2011 estimate) and consumes almost three quarters of that domestically. As of 2018, South Africa was the seventh largest producer and consumer of coal in the world.
What is the most important use of coal in South Africa?
Coal as a source of energy
Coal is South Africa’s dominant energy source. 77% of South Africa’s energy needs are provided by coal, according to the Department of Energy6. Eskom produces 95% of electricity used in South Africa7, and its coal-fired stations produce about 90% of electricity produced by the utility8.
Does South Africa import coal?
Richards Bay Coal Terminal, South Africa’s world-class coal export port. … China’s power plants have been permitted to import coal from several countries without clearance restrictions, The Global Times of China has reported, which has resulted in 2021 starting on a bullish note for South African coal.
Where do we get coal in South Africa?
Coal is found in South Africa in 19 coalfields (Figure 1), located mainly in KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, and the Free State, with lesser amounts in Gauteng, the North West Province and the Eastern Cape.
What type of coal is found in South Africa?
South Africa’s economically recoverable coal reserves are estimated at between 15 and 55 billion tonnes. 96% of reserves are bituminous coal; metallurgical coal accounts for approximately 2% and anthracite another 2%. bituminous quality.