How did iron working spread in Africa?
Although some nineteenth-century European scholars favored an indigenous invention of iron working in sub-Saharan Africa, archaeologists writing between 1945 and 1965 mostly favored diffusion of iron smelting technology from Carthage across the Sahara to West Africa and/or from Meroe on the upper Nile to central Africa …
How did farming spread in Africa?
From 3000 BCE to 1000 BCE, the practice of farming spread across West Africa. They grew millet and sorghum (plants used for grain and fodder), and later began growing a special strain of rice native to Africa. … These migrants were the Bantu people, who spread farming across the rest of the continent.
Who introduced iron metallurgy in Africa?
Iron smelting in Egypt was not known before the eighth century BC. There is no material evidence for early ironworking in North Africa, but it is presumed to have been introduced by Phoenician settlers in or after the ninth century BC (107).
Where did iron Works begin in Africa?
Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B.C. In the period from 1400 to 1600, iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in …
What skills did the Bantu spread through Africa?
Bantu-speakers in West Africa moved into new areas in very small groups, usually just families. But they brought with them the Bantu technology and language package—iron, crops, cattle, pottery, and more. These pioneers then shared their more advanced technologies (and, in the process, their languages) with the locals.
Why did civilization not develop in Africa?
The geography of Africa has also had a big impact with limited farming land and vast tracts of unprofitable land make the development of large civilizations difficult except in very localised areas (such as the Nile valley) – a civilization can only become truly developed when there are surpluses of food and other …
What is the most common type of farming done in Africa?
There are two main types of farming in Africa: garden crops, grown primarily from the roots or shoots of plants that have been placed in the ground, and field crops, grown mainly from seeds. Africans also raise various animals as livestock.
Did Africans use iron?
Iron played a central role in many societies of early Africa. It held both spiritual and material power. Physically, Africans used iron to create tools for agriculture, utensils for everyday life, and weapons for protection and conquest (Shillington, 2012, p. 45).
What are the 2 main deserts in Africa?
Two largest deserts of Africa are Sahara desert which is also the largest desert of the world and the Namib and also The Kalhari…
Where did agriculture begin in Africa?
Origins of agriculture
The first agriculture in Africa began in the heart of the Sahara Desert, which in 5200 BC was far more moist and densely populated than today. Several native species were domesticated, most importantly pearl millet, sorghum and cowpeas, which spread through West Africa and the Sahel.
What is Flag of Africa?
The flag of the African Union is a green flag with the dark green map of the African continent on a white sun, surrounded by a circle of 53 5-pointed gold (yellow) stars. 1945 – Flag of the Arab League.
Which country is best in agriculture in Africa?
Liberia is one of the countries whose economy took a leap as a result of their investment in the agricultural sector. Approximately 80% of the West African countries’ GDP is hugely contributed by Liberia which makes it the highest in the world. 68% of Liberia’s employment is contributed by agriculture.