What apartheid was in South Africa?
Racial segregation had long existed in white minority-governed South Africa, but the practice was extended under the government led by the National Party (1948–94), and the party named its racial segregation policies apartheid (Afrikaans: “apartness”).
What were the main components of apartheid?
The three most important blocks of legislation were:
- The Race Classification Act. Every citizen suspected of not being European was classified according to race.
- The Mixed Marriages Act. It prohibited marriage between people of different races.
- The Group Areas Act.
What is a part apartheid?
1 : racial segregation specifically : a former policy of segregation and political, social, and economic discrimination against the nonwhite majority in the Republic of South Africa.
What led to the apartheid in South Africa?
The Great Depression and World War II brought increasing economic woes to South Africa, and convinced the government to strengthen its policies of racial segregation. In 1948, the Afrikaner National Party won the general election under the slogan “apartheid” (literally “apartness”).
Who started the apartheid in South Africa?
Called the ‘Architect of the Apartheid’ Hendrik Verwoerd was Prime Minister as leader of the National Party from 1958-66 and was key in shaping the implementation of apartheid policy.
Who helped end apartheid in South Africa?
The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government. These negotiations took place between the governing National Party, the African National Congress, and a wide variety of other political organisations.
What was result of apartheid?
Apartheid has negatively affected the lives of all South African children but its effects have been particularly devastating for black children. The consequences of poverty, racism and violence have resulted in psychological disorders, and a generation of maladjusted children may be the result.
What is the origin of apartheid?
Translated from the Afrikaans meaning ‘apartness’, apartheid was the ideology supported by the National Party (NP) government and was introduced in South Africa in 1948. … Apartheid made laws forced the different racial groups to live separately and develop separately, and grossly unequally too.
What were the laws during apartheid?
The Immorality Act, 1927 forbade extramarital sex between white people and black people. The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, 1949 forbade marriages between white people and people of other races. The Immorality Amendment Act, 1950 forbade extramarital sex between white people and people of other races.
What is apartheid in simple words?
The definition of apartheid refers to a political system where people are clearly divided based on race, gender, class or other such factors. An example of Apartheid is a society where white people are considered superior and people of other races are mistreated.
What is the other name of apartheid?
Synonyms & Near Synonyms for apartheid. discrimination, jim crow, segregation, separatism.
What does segregation mean in South Africa?
Trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theaters, beaches, swimming pools, public toilets, were all separate for the whites and blacks in South Africa. This was called ‘Segregation’.
How did apartheid affect people’s lives in South Africa?
Apartheid established a system of white minority rule over the country of South Africa that resulted in the eviction of members of the Black community from their homes. They were then forced into segregated residential areas, and interracial relationships were forbidden.
How did apartheid affect South Africa socially?
Though apartheid was supposedly designed to allow different races to develop on their own, it forced black South Africans into poverty and hopelessness. … Black people could not marry white people. They could not set up businesses in white areas. Everywhere from hospitals to beaches was segregated.
What was the purpose of apartheid?
The purpose of apartheid was separation of the races: not only of whites from nonwhites, but also of nonwhites from each other, and, among the Africans (called Bantu in South Africa), of one group from another.