The Serengeti is a vast ecosystem in east-central Africa. It spans 12,000 square miles (30,000 square kilometers), according to NASA, giving rise to its name, which is derived from the Maasai language and means “endless plains.”
What are the plains of Africa?
Plains. Much of Africa is made up of plains of the pediplain and etchplain type often occurring as steps. The etchplains are commonly associated with laterite soil and inselbergs. Inselberg-dotted plains are common in Africa including Tanzania, the Anti-Atlas of Morocco, Namibia, and the interior of Angola.
Which is the largest African continent?
Overall, Africa’s total area exceeds 30.3 million square kilometers, being the second largest continent in the world after Asia.
Countries in Africa as of 2020, by area (in square kilometers)
|Characteristic||Area in square kilometers|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||2,344,858|
What are the 4 main landforms in Africa?
Some of the main African landforms are:
- plateaus (which dominate the landscape)
- huge mountains.
- long rivers.
- large lakes.
- massive deserts.
- deep valleys.
- dense rainforests.
- expansive grasslands.
What is Africa best known for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
Why is Africa so flat?
One hypothesis is that a collision between Africa and another oceanic plate occurred around 250 million years ago. The collision upheaved these layers. The apparent flat appearance of the top of the mountain probably reflects the original sedimentary layers.
How Africa is divided?
Africa is the world’s second largest continent in area. … The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.
What are the 10 largest countries in Africa?
Here is a list of the top ten largest countries in square miles:
- Algeria (919,352 square miles)
- Democratic Republic of Congo (905,115 square miles)
- Sudan (728,022 square miles)
- Libya (679,192 square miles)
- Chad (495,624 square miles)
- Niger (489,062 square miles)
- Angola (481,226 square miles)
- Mali (478,714 square miles)
What is the savanna in Africa?
The African savanna ecosystem is a tropical grassland with warm temperatures year-round and with its highest seasonal rainfall in the summer. … The savanna is characterized by grasses and small or dispersed trees that do not form a closed canopy, allowing sunlight to reach the ground.
What is the poorest country in Africa?
The ten poorest countries in Africa, with their GDP per capita, are: Somalia ($500) Central African Republic ($681) Democratic Republic of the Congo ($785)
Poorest Countries In Africa 2021.
|GDP (IMF ’19)||$61.03 Bn|
|GDP (UN ’16)||–|