Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
What were the Portuguese looking for?
Portugal, the western-most European country, was one of the primary players in the European Age of Discovery and Exploration. Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa.
What did the Portuguese hope to acquire in Africa?
why did Portugal begin exploration of the west coast of Africa? Portuguese wanted to find their own Gold markets at a cheaper price to sell at a higher price. As trade with the East increased Portugal needed more gold to pay off their debts.
When the Portuguese first arrived in West Africa they were most interested in trading for?
The first traders to sail down the West African coast were the Portuguese in the 15th century. Later the Dutch, British, French and Scandinavians followed. They were mainly interested in precious items such as gold, ivory and spices, particularly pepper.
What were the goals of the Portuguese in exploring W Africa?
Motivated by the desire for new markets and an ongoing opposition to the Muslims, Portuguese sailors had begun to explore the West African coast in the first half of the fifteenth century.
What did the Portuguese use slaves for?
Both groups of islands served as entrepôts for Portuguese commerce across vast regions of western Africa. Though São Tomé became an important sugar producer, the island also collected slaves for trans-shipment to Elmina, many of whom would be sold to local merchants and used to transport gold from the interior.
What effects did the Portuguese have in West Africa?
Consequences on the indigenous society
The Portuguese destroyed the Arab trade routes in the Indian Ocean between Africa, Arabia and India. The Portuguese replaced Arab control of the trade in ivory, gold and slaves with their own. They traded up the Zambezi river and interfered with the existing inland African trade.
How did the Portuguese change African slavery?
Henrique began selling African slaves in Lagos in 1444. In 1455, Pope Nicholas V gave Portugal the rights to continue the slave trade in West Africa, under the provision that they convert all people who are enslaved. The Portuguese soon expanded their trade along the whole west coast of Africa.
How did the Portuguese obtain most of their African slaves?
How did Portuguese merchants obtain most of their slaves in Africa? They traded for slaves with local leaders.
Why were the Portuguese interested in the east African coast?
– The Portuguese were the first European to come to the coast of East Africa from Portugal. – They came mainly to trade, do exploration and spread Christianity to the coastal people of East Africa.
How was West Africa before the Portuguese affected by trade?
1. Using Your Notes West Africa before the Portuguese: a well- established trading network con- nected most of West Africa to the coastal ports of North Africa, and through these ports to markets in Europe and Asia; these routes were important as they helped spread Islam into West Africa.
How did Europe get slaves from Africa?
According to John K. Thornton, Europeans usually bought enslaved people who were captured in endemic warfare between African states. Some Africans had made a business out of capturing Africans from neighboring ethnic groups or war captives and selling them.
What were the positive effects of colonialism in Africa?
European colonialism in africa brings a positive impact such as : Religious can be used as a spiritual basis for African society, build a school for education of Africans’ children, hospital for a better healt of Africans’ society as well as in economic field, European build a markets.