The African Transition Zone creates the southern boundary for North Africa. This zone serves as the transition between the arid type B climates and the tropical type A climates. It is also the transition between the dominance of Islam and the dominance of Christianity and animism.
What is the Africa transition zone?
The African Transition Zone is a large geo-political grouping of countries between the Sahara Desert and central African rain forests. The region is home to some of Africa’s greatest ancient civilizations, whose descendants carry on their ancestral identities today.
What is the main problem for the African transition zone?
soil erosion is a problem in the African transition zone due to over grazing, bad farming techniques, and the dense population. soil erosion may not seem like an actual problem, but the truth is it effects everyone in the long run.
Which countries are divided by the transition zone in Africa?
Countries in the Region include: Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, and Eritrea.
What is the predominant religion north of the African transition zone?
Islam is the dominant religion on the north side of the African Transition Zone; Christianity is more dominant to the south. The two religions often clash in the areas where they meet. Traditional beliefs and animist religions are also practiced in the African Transition Zone.
What is the big lake located in the African transition zone?
Lake Chad, which sits at the center of this transition zone, serves as a bellwether for changing conditions in the Sahel. “The entire Chad Basin falls in the region where the Sahara has crept southward, and the lake is drying out,” Nigam explained.
What happens in the transition zone?
The mantle transition zone (TZ) is the layer between two discontinuities in seismic wave-speed that lie at depths of approximately 410 km and 650 km [Anderson, 1989]. These discontinuities are polymorphic phase changes, caused by pressure-induced changes of crystal structure in certain minerals [Anderson, 1967].
What challenges do the people of transition zone face today?
The main challenges posed by the end of demographic transition include a lack of resources to provide for the entire global population, the effects of climate change, contamination and population ageing. Each region faces a distinct future based on levels of economic development, demographics and geography.
Is the Islamic Front located in the African transition zone?
The Islamic Front is most correctly located within the African Transition Zone. Johannesburg has a slightly larger population than Cape Town.
What is the longest river in Africa that runs through the transition zone?
Congo River, formerly Zaire River, river in west-central Africa. With a length of 2,900 miles (4,700 km), it is the continent’s second longest river, after the Nile.
Is West Africa a transitional zone?
Most of West Africa lies in the African Transition Zone, with portions north and south of the transitional region. Dry, desert conditions exist to the north and tropical conditions exist to the south. The main economic activity in the region is subsistence agriculture.
How does the Sahara desert act like a barrier between North Africa and Sub Saharan Africa?
The lack of water resources in the desert make the land unsuitable for agriculture and human population. As a result, the Sahara acts as a giant natural wall both economically, culturally, and socially since relations between states to the north and south of the desert are difficult.
What are the top 5 natural resources in Africa?
Africa is abundant with natural resources, including diamonds, gold, oil, natural gas, uranium, platinum, copper, cobalt, iron, bauxite and cocoa beans.