What is the physical geography of West Africa?

The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.

What is the physical geography of Africa?

Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.

What are the geographic regions of West Africa?

From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.

How might the physical geography of Africa be characterized?

Your answer: Most of the continent is made up of tropical rain forest. Deserts and savannas cover almost half of the continent.

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What features dominate the West African landscape?

Most of West Africa’s mountain massifs and highlands, such as the Aïr Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Adrar des Ifoghas, and the Fouta Djallon, originated as Precambrian folds (Church, 1966). Much later, volcanic activity in many of these highlands deposited additional layers of igneous rock.

What are 3 physical features?

Landforms & Physical Features

  • Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
  • Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
  • Plains. …
  • Plateaus. …
  • Mesas. …
  • Buttes. …
  • Deserts. …
  • Deltas.

What are 3 major geographical features?

Major Landforms. There are four major types of landforms on Earth: mountains, hills, plateaus and plains. When you picture these landforms, you might imagine large mountain ranges or wide plains. But these geographical landforms don’t only exist on dry land – they’re found on the ocean floor as well.

Which country is the best in West Africa?

The Gambia

Despite being the smallest country in Africa, The Gambia is regarded as West Africa’s best-kept secret. Surrounded by golden beaches backed by swaying palms sprinkled with scenic lagoons, an abundance of wildlife, vibrant history and culture, it offers visitors an opportunity to get in touch with nature.

What are some of Africa’s most important features?

Check out some of the most-impressive physical features found in Africa.

  • Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls. …
  • The Namib. Namib desert. …
  • East African Rift System. Kenya: Great Rift Valley. …
  • Congo River. Congo River: hydroelectric dam at Inga Falls. …
  • The Sahara. sand dunes. …
  • Lake Victoria. …
  • Ituri Forest. …
  • Nile River.
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Why is the West Coast of Africa dry?

The cool surface of Cool Ocean Currents causes moisture in winds blowing over them to condense and form fogs, etc. … Cool currents therefore cause dry conditions and in Africa the Cool Canary Currents – the western coast of the Sahara Desert, the Cool Benguela Currents – the Western coast of Kalahari Desert.

How does physical geography affect trade in Africa?

How did geography affect West Africa? There were so many different geographical features, so Africans were forced to trade for what they needed. … They charged fees for trading activity and used their money to expand. More people came to live in the city, so they gave out more jobs.

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