With malnutrition as a common contributor, the five biggest infectious killers in Africa are acute respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis, responsible for nearly 80% of the total infectious disease burden and claiming more than 6 million people per year.
What is the number 1 cause of death in Africa?
Top causes of death in Africa in 2019
Neonatal conditions were the leading cause of death in Africa in 2019. Neonatal conditions accounted for 11.3 percent of all deaths in Africa that year, followed by lower respiratory infections which were responsible for 9.9 percent of deaths.
What disease kills the most in Africa?
Vaccines against malaria
falciparum, the most deadly malaria parasite globally and the most prevalent in Africa. Among children who received 4 doses in large-scale clinical trials, the vaccine prevented approximately 4 in 10 cases of malaria over a 4-year period.
What are the top 3 deadliest diseases?
Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .
- Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. …
- Stroke. …
- Lower respiratory infections. …
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. …
- Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. …
- Diabetes mellitus.
What are the top 5 deadliest diseases?
In 2018, the five deadliest illnesses in the U.S. were heart disease, cancer, lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The other leading causes of death due to disease were diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease.
Who has killed the most people in history?
Serial killers with the highest known victim count. The most prolific modern serial killer is arguably Dr. Harold Shipman, with 218 probable murders and possibly as many as 250 (see “Medical professionals”, below). However he was actually convicted of a sample of 15 murders.
What is the mortality rate of Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.
What are the 2 deadliest diseases in Africa?
HIV/Aids is the biggest killer in Africa by a large margin, with 122 deaths per 100,000 people in 2012. This is nearly double the deaths from diarrhoeal diseases, which caused the second-largest number of deaths.
Where did Ebola come from?
Ebola virus disease ( EVD ) is a severe disease caused by Ebola virus, a member of the filovirus family, which occurs in humans and other primates. The disease emerged in 1976 in almost simultaneous outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo ( DRC ) and Sudan (now South Sudan).
What diseases do Africans have?
Without access to medicines, Africans are susceptible to the three big killer diseases on the continent: malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Globally, 50% of children under five who die of pneumonia, diarrhoea, measles, HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are in Africa, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).
What is the rarest disease on Earth?
According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.
What’s the worst disease in history?
7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?
- The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. …
- The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. …
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) …
- Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. …
- Ebola: On The Radar Again. …
- Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament.
Which disease has no cure?
cancer. dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease. stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.
Which plague was deadliest?
The Great Plague of 1665 was the last and one of the worst of the centuries-long outbreaks, killing 100,000 Londoners in just seven months.
What are the 6 killer diseases?
These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.