What are the main instruments used in African music?

African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …

What instruments are commonly used in African music?

Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers. The one-string musical bow, played all over the continent but now nearly abandoned, was once responsible for all the vocal scales that are used today in African music.

What is the most distinctive feature of African musical instruments?

Falling between rhythmic and melodic instruments, the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family is the slit drum, made from a hollowed log. By careful thinning of the flanks at certain places, the instrument may be tuned so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches.

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Why are percussion instruments used in African music?

Shakers and rattles play a big role in traditional African religions. They may call spirits in sacred ceremonies or emphasize the words and actions of important people. In more modern societies though, kids use them as toys and musicians for fun and rootsy percussion.

What are the 5 kinds of African music?

In Sub-Saharan African music traditions, it frequently relies on percussion instruments of every variety, including xylophones, djembes, drums, and tone-producing instruments such as the mbira or “thumb piano.” African music includes the genres Jùjú, Fuji, Highlife, Makossa, Kizomba, Afrobeat and others.

What are the five kinds of African music?

14 African musical styles for you to explore

  • Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
  • JuJu. …
  • Mbalax. …
  • Zilin. …
  • Gnawa. …
  • Mbaqanga. …
  • Chimurenga. …
  • Majika.

What makes African music unique?

African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.

What are the 5 most important features of African music?

Aerophones (wind)

  • Flutes (bamboo, horn)
  • Ocarinas.
  • Panpipes.
  • Horns from animal tusks.
  • Trumpets wood or metal.
  • Pipes being single or double reeds.
  • Whistle.

What are the 4 main categories of African musical instruments?

African musical instruments are classified into four groups namely; idiophones, chordophones, aerophones and membranophones.

What are the general characteristics of African music?

There are eight characteristics that define African music: Polyrhythms, ostinato, the use of percussion, background shimmer, close connection with the music and language, participatory nature of the arts, a close connection with the performing arts, responsorial form.

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What are the 8 types of African music?

List of Music Genres in Africa

  • Afrobeat. Fela Kuti created Afrobeat by fusing traditional Nigerian music, jazz and highlife. …
  • Apala. Apala is a percussion-based style of the Muslim Yoruba people in Nigeria, West Africa.
  • Assiko. …
  • Bikutsi. …
  • Benga music. …
  • Bongo Flava (Tanzania)
  • Cabo-Love (Cape Verde)
  • Chimurenga music.

How do you get a percussion body?

Traditionally the four main body percussion sounds (in order from lowest pitch to highest in pitch) are:

  1. Stomping: Striking left, right, or both feet against the floor or other resonant surface.
  2. Patting: Patting either the left, right, or both thighs or cheeks with hands.
  3. Clapping hands together.
  4. Snapping fingers.

What is an African xylophone called?

Marimba is one of many African names for the xylophone, and, because African instruments bearing this name frequently have a tuned calabash resonator for each wooden bar, some ethnomusicologists use the name marimba to distinguish gourd-resonated from other xylophones.

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