What are some of the epidemics that are taking place in Africa?

Results: The most commonly reported epidemic outbreaks in Africa include: cholera, dysentery, malaria and hemorrhagic fevers (e.g. Ebola, Rift Valley fever, Crimean-Congo fever and yellow fever).

What is the major epidemic that is spreading thru Africa?

On March 23, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the forested rural region of southeastern Guinea. The identification of these early cases marked the beginning of the West Africa Ebola epidemic, the largest in history.

What are the major diseases in Africa?

Topic Outline

  • Malaria.
  • Yellow fever.
  • Dengue.
  • African trypanosomiasis.
  • Onchocerciasis.
  • Leishmaniasis.
  • Rickettsioses.
  • Chikungunya fever.

What are some epidemics that have happened?

Major epidemics and pandemics by death toll

Rank Epidemics/pandemics Date
1 Black Death 1346–1353
2 Spanish flu 1918–1920
3 Plague of Justinian 541–549
4 HIV/AIDS pandemic 1981–present

What disease kills the most in Africa?

Vaccines against malaria

falciparum, the most deadly malaria parasite globally and the most prevalent in Africa. Among children who received 4 doses in large-scale clinical trials, the vaccine prevented approximately 4 in 10 cases of malaria over a 4-year period.

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Who is most affected by Ebola?

Health authorities have rushed to respond to the cases in Guinea, anxious to prevent a repeat of the last outbreak in West Africa, which killed more than 11,300 people, mostly in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia in the worst Ebola epidemic on record.

How did Ebola start?

The first human case in an Ebola outbreak is acquired through contact with blood, secretions organs or other bodily fluids of an infected animal. EVD has been documented in people who handled infected chimpanzees, gorillas, and forest antelopes, both dead and alive, in Cote d’Ivoire, the Republic of Congo and Gabon.

What are the top 5 diseases in Africa?

With malnutrition as a common contributor, the five biggest infectious killers in Africa are acute respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis, responsible for nearly 80% of the total infectious disease burden and claiming more than 6 million people per year.

What three diseases were common in Africa?

New People, New Diseases Africa is often considered part of the “old world” consisting of Europe and Asia, but this is only partially true. For millennia the continent had many of the diseases that were in Europe: plague, leprosy, syphilis.

What animal is the number one killer in Africa?

For a long time, hippos were considered the most deadly animal in Africa. Hippos are known for being aggressive toward humans, including tipping over boats. Moving to parasites, the tapeworm is responsible for an infection called cysticerosis that kills an estimated 700 people a year.

What is the deadliest pandemic?

Here’s how five of the world’s worst pandemics finally ended.

  • Plague of Justinian—No One Left to Die. …
  • Black Death—The Invention of Quarantine. …
  • The Great Plague of London—Sealing Up the Sick. …
  • 8 Things You May Not Know About Jonas Salk and the Polio Vaccine.
  • Smallpox—A European Disease Ravages the New World.
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What is the deadliest disease in history?

7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?

  • The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. …
  • The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. …
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) …
  • Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. …
  • Ebola: On The Radar Again. …
  • Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament.

What was the first pandemic?

430 B.C.: Athens. The earliest recorded pandemic happened during the Peloponnesian War. After the disease passed through Libya, Ethiopia and Egypt, it crossed the Athenian walls as the Spartans laid siege. As much as two-thirds of the population died.

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