Among threatened species of the region, there are several antelopes such as the beira, the dibatag, the silver dikdik and the Speke’s gazelle. Other remarkable species include the Somali wild ass, the desert warthog, the hamadryas baboon, the Somali pygmy gerbil, the ammodile, and the Speke’s pectinator.
How many plant species are in the Horn of Africa?
Plants. Although research into the flora of the Horn of Africa is still ongoing, the best possible estimates are that there are about 5,000 species of vascular plants in the region, just over half of which—about 2,750 species —are endemic.
How dangerous is the Horn of Africa?
Horn of Africa 2nd to Strait of Malacca as World’s Most Dangerous Place for Ships. In the past year, pirates have attacked more than 35 vessels off the coast of Somalia, in the Horn of Africa, making the region second only to the Strait of Malacca in Asia as the world’s most dangerous place for ships.
Why is the Horn of Africa a hotspot?
Habitats & Hotspots > Hotspots > Horn of Africa (85) The Horn of Africa is one of only two entirely arid hotspots. … It is one of the most degraded of the world’s hotspots, due to overgrazing and charcoal harvesting. Endemic mammals include the Hamadryas baboon, Speke’s pectinator and 3 species of antelope.
Why is Horn of Africa called so?
THE PENINSULA OF NORTHEAST Africa is called the Horn of Africa. It lies opposite of the southern Arabian Peninsula. … The Horn of Africa also alludes to the shape of this area because it sticks out like that of a rhinoceros horn from the continent of Africa.
Which country is known as the Horn of Africa?
Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya)
Why is the Horn of Africa so dry?
The lowlands of the Horn are generally arid in spite of their proximity to the equator. This is because the winds of the tropical monsoons that give seasonal rains to the Sahel and the Sudan blow from the west.
Does the Horn of Africa have earthquakes?
The Horn of Africa has significant seismic hazard associated with the East African rift system. A number of destructive earthquakes, some deadly, have been reported this century.
Does the Horn of Africa have thick or thin plates?
South of the Red Sea Rift lies the massive, complex East African Rift. Throughout the East African Rift, the continent of Africa is splitting in two. The African plate, sometimes called the Nubian plate, carries most of the continent, while the smaller Somali plate carries Horn of Africa.
Is Horn of Africa a biodiversity hotspot?
The Horn of Africa biodiversity hotspot covers more than 1.5 million km² and is one of only two hotspots that is entirely arid. … This subregion has over 2,700 endemic plants and animals, including threatened antelopes, and more reptiles than anywhere in Africa. The bushlands of northeastern Kenya are found here.
What 2 African countries were not Imperialized?
There are two countries in Africa considered by some scholars to never have been colonized: Ethiopia and Liberia.
Is Kenya the Horn of Africa?
The Horn of Africa includes the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan. It is a region of incredible diversity, intriguing histories, and profound human creativity.