There are 4 major tectonic plates and 2 smaller plates that touches the African plate.
Is African plate continental or oceanic?
The African Plate is both oceanic and continental. It has the whole African continent on top of it as well as the oceanic crust of the Atlantic Ocean. There is a divergent boundary between the African plate and the North American Plate and the South American Plate.
What plate is African plate?
|Plate name||Description of plate|
|Africa plate||This plate includes all of Africa and the surrounding ocean, including the eastern Atlantic Ocean, the surrounding Antarctic Ocean, and the western Indian ocean.|
|Antarctic plate.||This plate makes up all of Antarctica and much of the surrounding ocean.|
What are the two tectonic plates called in Africa?
Throughout the East African Rift, the continent of Africa is splitting in two. The African plate, sometimes called the Nubian plate, carries most of the continent, while the smaller Somali plate carries Horn of Africa. The two major rift valley systems of the East African Rift are the Gregory Rift and the Western Rift.
What is a major fault on the African plate?
Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics
Figure 30 portrays the major tectonic structures, the solid line indicating the African–Eurasian Plate boundary and such major faults as the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), East Anatolian Fault (EAF), and South Anatolian Fault (SAF).
Is Israel on the African Plate?
Israel is situated along the border between the African Tectonic Plate and the Arabian Tectonic Plate. The border between these two plates forms part of the Great Rift Valley, the world’s most extensive geological fault, which extends southward through eastern Africa as far south as Mozambique.
Is South Africa on a tectonic plate?
The African Plate is a major tectonic plate straddling the Equator as well as the prime meridian. It includes much of the continent of Africa, as well as oceanic crust which lies between the continent and various surrounding ocean ridges.
What is the future of the African plate?
If these motions continue, plate models (mentioned below) suggest that Africa would rotate clockwise and eventually crash into Europe in 50 Ma in the future. The rift is growing at a rate of one inch per year through the upwelling of magma underneath the continental crust (see Fig. 3).
How long before Africa splits?
It’s thought that Africa’s new ocean will take at least 5 million to 10 million years to form, but the Afar region’s fortuitous location at the boundaries of the Nubian, Somali and Arabian plates makes it a unique laboratory to study elaborate tectonic processes.
Is Africa being split in two?
Scientists say a new ocean will form in Africa as the continent continues to split into two. The East African Rift system made up the western and eastern continental rifts, and stretches from the Afar region of Ethiopia down to Mozambique.
What causes the plates to move?
The heat from radioactive processes within the planet’s interior causes the plates to move, sometimes toward and sometimes away from each other. This movement is called plate motion, or tectonic shift.