How does drought affect the production of maize in South Africa?

Due to high demand for white maize, it will be imported from various countries to meet the demands. … Maize prices have also increased to a record high due to the decrease in production. Livestock farmers are also feeling the pinch, due to lack of feed for their animals.

What are the factors that influence the production of maize in South Africa?

The three main factors are the exchange rate, supply and demand fundamentals and trade. Using the 2017/2018 marketing season as the form of measure, we can see that price movements were mainly reacting to these three factors.

How does drought affect food production?

The drought is set to affect South Africa’s entire economy. The BFAP estimates that there will be a 3,76% decrease in the agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) from 2015 to 2016. The country’s GDP will be down 3,38%. Household consumption is predicted to drop 4,26% and the income of unskilled labour will fall 6,4%.

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How does drought affect agriculture in South Africa?

The drought has led to job losses in the province’s agriculture sector. The 2017 third quarterly labour force survey showed that approximately 25,000 jobs were lost from the agricultural sector nationally. More than 20 000 of these were lost in the Western Cape province. Many were associated with the drought.

What affects maize production?

Production of maize, especially in the tropical regions, is affected by a number of constraints, including an array of abiotic and biotic stresses, poor soil fertility, lack of access to key inputs (especially quality seed and fertilizers), low levels of mechanization and poor post-harvest management.

What is the importance of maize production?

In developed countries, maize is consumed mainly as second-cycle produce, in the form of meat, eggs and dairy products. In developing countries, maize is consumed directly and serves as staple diet for some 200 million people.

How do you increase maize yield?

Spacing, planting density and rotation with other crops help increase maize yield by minimizing disease, pest and weed incidence. Weed control is essential to ensure a good, competitive start and pest and disease control will minimize damage to root and productive leaf area.

What are 5 causes of drought?

Here are the 5 natural and human causes of drought:

  • 1) Land and water temperatures cause drought. …
  • 2) Air circulation and weather patterns also cause drought. …
  • 3) Soil moisture levels also contribute to drought. …
  • 4) Drought can also be a supply and demand of water issue.

How do droughts affect the economy?

Examples of economic impacts include farmers who lose money because drought destroyed their crops or ranchers who may have to spend more money to feed and water their animals. Economic impacts can be both direct, such as decreases in dairy production, and indirect, as seen by increases in the price of cheese.

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How can we prevent droughts?

Avoiding Overuse

Being mindful of the amount of water you use each day can be a powerful way to prevent droughts. Turning off the faucet while you brush your teeth, watering your garden early in the morning so less water evaporates, and installing low-flow plumbing fixtures all are good ways to prevent wasted water.

What are the main causes of drought in southern Africa?

One of the main causes of drought in South Africa is the variability in rainfall (Mason and Tyson, 2000; Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000 and Vogel et al., 2000). The El Niño phenomenon accounts for approximately thirty percent of rainfall variability (Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000).

What is the impact of drought in South Africa?

Macroeconomic impacts

Primary impacts Secondary impacts
Increased damage to natural habitats Loss of biodiversity
Reduced forest, crop, and range land productivity Reduced income and food shortages
Reduced water levels Lower accessibility to water
Reduced cloud cover Plant scorching

How can we prevent drought in South Africa?

Protection and use of springs; Cloud seeding; Evaporation suppression; Desalination of brackish groundwater or sea water; and Effluent treatment and re-use. Developing and integrating other sources like groundwater, desalination and re-use, etc., with surface systems also to enhance water security.

How does climate change affect maize production?

At a high temperature of 35°C, maize yield reduces by 9% with a one-inch reduction in rainfall [23]. Thus, even if plant breeders have developed maize varieties that grow well under different biophysical environments [33], sound maize productivity is still under threat by climate change effects.

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Is maize bad for environment?

Maize crops have severe negative impacts on public goods like soils and fresh water. Many farmers are being paid to cause significant harm to these public interests – this is a national scandal. Maize crops leave soil exposed during much of the growing season.

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