Why did villages grow into cities in West Africa? Two important reasons were the growth of ironworking and the expansion of trade. Ironworking and Trade The Hittites of present-day Turkey mastered ironworking as long ago as 1500 B.C.E. Gradually, knowledge of ironworking spread.
How did communities and villages develop in West Africa?
Rivers, such as the Niger, served as trade routes. Early Communities Early societies in West Africa were family-based communities. … Some villages became important trading sites and grew into cities. Others developed into large communities near important resources, such as iron ore or gold.
How did cities develop in West Africa?
Following the trade Saharan routes, the Islamic and Arabic influences grew in the process of urbanisation. The introduction of Islam gave to the great cities mentioned above their monuments: Sudanese style mosques (Fig. 3). … Trade, through trans‐Saharan routes, was a major factor of urbanisation in medieval West Africa.
How did villages form in early West Africa?
Rivers, such as the Niger, served as trade routes. Early Communities Early societies in West Africa were family-based communities. Some of these communities joined together to form villages. Banding together in villages allowed people to take advantage of natural resources and to defend themselves from attack.
What led to development of settlement?
Some of the factors that have positive influence on developing a human settlement are water supply, flat and arable land, protection, shelter from weather, bridging point, crossroad – intersection of roads, while land that floods, marshy or steep land, no protection, no building or water supply, may be considered to be …
Why did people in West Africa choose to live in villages?
Extended families formed villages to help control flooding rivers, to farm the land, to mine for iron or gold, or for protection.
How many years did the NOK thrive in West Africa?
The Nok Culture appeared in Nigeria around 1500 BC and vanished under unknown circumstances around 500 AD, having lasted approximately 2,000 years. Iron use, in smelting and forging tools, appears in Nok culture by at least 550 BC and possibly a few centuries earlier.
Is West Africa a country?
Western Africa, region of the western African continent comprising the countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
Why is desertification an issue in West Africa?
Desertification is a serious problem in the continent. It has been estimated that 319 million hectares of Africa are vulnerable to desertification hazards due to sand movement. … Soil degradation caused by deforestation is also a serious threat in Africa.
When did urbanization in West Africa start?
Between AD 700 to 1600, cities in the West African savanna emerged from the trans-Saharan trade. Some of the more prominent were Kumbi Saleh, Timbuktu, Djenné and Gao. Arabic scholars like Ibn Khaldun have been a very important source of historical accounts from this area and period.
How did West Africa fall?
West Africa. … With the gradual abolition of slavery in the European colonial empires during the 19th century, slave trade again became less lucrative and the West African empires entered a period of decline, and mostly collapsed by the end of the 19th century.
What is the central feature of village life in West Africa?
Another central feature of village life was reli- gion. Some religious practices were similar from village to village. A traditional belief showed the importance of families. Many West Africans believed that the unseen· spirits of their ancestors stayed nearby.
How did trade influence West Africa?
Over time, the slave trade became even more important to the West African economy. Kings traded slaves for valuable good, such as horses from the Middle East and textiles and weapons from Europe. The transSaharan slave trade contributed to the power of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.