Improving coverage, quality and use of skilled care, including emergency obstetric care, essential newborn care and management of preterm, low birth weight and infection in the immediate post-partum period, are likely to reduce infant mortality significantly.
How can we prevent infant mortality?
Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality?
- Preventing Birth Defects.
- Addressing Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Their Outcomes.
- Getting Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Care.
- Creating a Safe Infant Sleep Environment.
- Using Newborn Screening to Detect Hidden Conditions.
Why is the infant mortality rate so high in Africa?
The causes of high infant mortality rate (IMR) in SSA are well known. … The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).
How can we enhance babies chances of survival and health?
It is possible to improve survival and health of newborns and end preventable stillbirths by reaching high coverage of quality antenatal care, skilled care at birth, postnatal care for mother and baby, and care of small and sick newborns.
Why are babies dying in Africa?
Each year, approximately 300,000 African babies die on the day of their birth, mostly for lack of adequate maternal and neonatal care.
What are the top three causes of infant mortality?
Causes of Infant Mortality
- Birth defects.
- Preterm birth and low birth weight.
- Maternal pregnancy complications.
- Sudden infant death syndrome.
- Injuries (e.g., suffocation).
Why is it important to reduce child mortality?
Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Programmes to improve household food security and nutrition information increase children’s chances of growing to adulthood. FAO programmes assist poor households and communities to secure access to nutritionally adequate diets and reduce child undernutrition.
What’s the biggest killer in Africa?
Although HIV is not one of the leading causes of death worldwide, it remains within the top five leading causes of death in Africa.
Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.
|Characteristic||Distribution of causes of death|
|Ischaemic heart disease||5.5%|
Why is infant mortality so high in Nigeria?
With a 13% immunization rate for children between 12-23 months, Nigeria is the African country with the lowest vaccination rate. Substantial presence of Acute Respiratory Infections and diarrhoea also contribute to the elevated mortality rates for children.
What is the number 1 killer of children under-5 in Africa?
WHO estimates that poor sanitation and water cause 28% of child deaths, and safe sanitation and water are proven and cost-effective interventions. Chart 1 shows that diarrhoea is the leading cause of under–five deaths in Africa.
What factors are important for healthy infant development?
Five main factors identified in contributing to growth and developments at early childhood are nutrition, parent’s behaviours, parenting, social and cultural practices, and environment.
What are the main causes of neonatal mortality?
The leading causes of death during the neonatal period were neonatal jaundice and prematurity-accounting for Proportionate Mortality Ratios of 23.0 and 18.7 respectively. Gastroenteritis marasmus/kwashiokor were the major contributors to post-neonatal mortality (PMRs, 14.7 and 11.4).
How can I improve my baby’s health?
One important way to improve the health of infants is through breastfeeding. Breast milk contains antibodies that can help protect infants from a variety of illnesses. Among breastfed babies, conditions such as ear infections, obesity, asthma, and diarrhea are less common.
Which African country is best for safaris?
Ratings for the major African safari countries
- 1 Botswana. 4.61/5.
- 2 Tanzania. 4.55/5.
- 3 Zambia. 4.46/5.
- 4 Zimbabwe. 4.38/5.
- 5 Kenya. 4.36/5.
- 6 South Africa. 4.34/5.
- 7 Namibia. 4.27/5.
- 8 Uganda. 4.22/5.
What is the life expectancy of Africa?
Lybia, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritius followed, with a life expectancy of 76 years. On the other hand, Central African Republic registered the lowest average, at 53 years.
Life expectancy at birth in Africa as of 2019, by country (in years)
|Characteristic||Life expectancy in years|
|Sao Tome and Principe||68|