In the rain forest areas of West Africa, where streams and rivers run year round, clay is usually mined close to existing watercourses. Clay is dug from the banks of streams when the water is low. The clay is usually piled high on the banks, above the high-water mark, so that it can be later carried to the work area.
What is African pottery made of?
Temper or matter like ground sand, pebbles or old pottery, chopped dried grass and dung or crushed chaff from winnowing grains and rice is kneaded in to the clay to decrease the shrinkage that occurs during the drying and firing processes. These tempers are added in various amounts but rarely go over 50%.
Where did African pottery originate?
Ancient societies in Asia like China and Japan started making pottery around 14,000 B.C.E. Like most new innovations in ancient societies, pottery making spread across continents and kingdoms. Ancient African pottery started around 7,000 to 6,000 B.C.E. in eastern Africa near Sudan, Egypt and present day Ethiopia.
Which country invented clay?
Prehistoric humans discovered the useful properties of clay. Some of the earliest pottery shards recovered are from central Honshu, Japan. They are associated with the Jōmon culture, and recovered deposits have been dated to around 14,000 BC.
Who made clay pots in South Africa?
In the Zulu culture of South Africa’s KwaZulu-Natal region, a clay pot is no ordinary vessel. Traditionally made by the women in the community, the pot making is an art form passed from mother to daughter.
Who first invented clay pottery?
It appears that pottery was independently developed in Sub-Saharan Africa during the 10th millennium BC, with findings dating to at least 9,400 BC from central Mali, and in South America during the 9,000s-7,000s BC.
Who used clay pots?
The Egyptians made kilns to place their clay pots in for firing. The kiln was lined with a kind of insulation brick that was made from a mixture of straw and clay which had been dried in the sun. Later, the ancient Egyptians used a finer clay with a high quartz content for their delicate pottery.
What is African architecture?
African architecture, the architecture of Africa, particularly of sub-Saharan Africa. … Discussions of architecture in sub-Saharan Africa focus chiefly on housing in villages, rural mosques, and the mélange of colonial and modern influences that characterize urban areas.
What is African culture?
The Culture of Africa is varied and manifold, consisting of a mixture of countries with various tribes that each have their own unique characteristic from the continent of Africa. … For example, social values, religion, morals, political values, economics and aesthetic values all contribute to African Culture.
What was coiled pottery originally used for?
Coiling is a method of creating pottery. It has been used to shape clay into vessels for many thousands of years. It is found across the cultures of the world, including Africa, Greece, China, and Native American cultures of New Mexico.
What are the 5 types of clay?
There are five main types of clay for pottery. These are earthenware, stoneware, porcelain, ball clay, and fire clay. Earthenware fires at lower temperatures and can have an earthy look. Stoneware fires at mid to high temperatures and is often buff or tan.
What was a potter?
: a person who makes pots, bowls, plates, etc., out of clay : a person who makes pottery by hand.
How far does clay go down?
Seasonal changes affect clay soils – causing them to swell in winter and shrink in summer. That’s why there are minimum foundation depths for each type of clay. Strip, trench fill or pad foundations must be cast at a minimum of 750mm in low plasticity clays, 900mm in medium, and 1000mm in the highest risk areas.
What are the four types of pottery?
There are four basic types of pottery, porcelain, stoneware, earthenware,and Bone China. Those four vary in accordance to the clay used to create them,as well as the heat required to fire them.
What is thrown pottery?
Throwing as a General Term
When people talk about throwing pottery, they generally mean the process from the time the clay touches the wheel to the time the wheel is stopped. In this more general (and most commonly used) sense, throwing is the entire activity of shaping the clay on the potter’s wheel.