According to Arab oral tradition, Islam first came to Africa with Muslim refugees fleeing persecution in the Arab peninsula. This was followed by a military invasion, some seven years after the death of the prophet Mohammed in 639, under the command of the Muslim Arab General, Amr ibn al-Asi.
How did Islam come to East and West Africa?
Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. The early journeys across the Sahara were done in stages. Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.
Who brought Islam East Africa?
The presence of Islam in Africa can be traced to the 7th century CE, when in Rajab 8 BH, or May 614 CE, Muhammad advised a number of his early disciples, who were facing persecution by the polytheistic inhabitants of the Mecca, to seek refuge across the Red Sea in Axum.
When did Islam go to East Africa?
The history of Islam in East Africa stretches back to around 1000 CE. Until the mid-20th century, it remained largely confined to the coast and closely bound up with the history of the Swahili towns situated on it.
What part of Africa was first introduced to Islam?
Islam came to root along the East African coast some time in the 8th century, as part of a continuing dialogue between the people on the East coast and traders from the Persian Gulf and Oman. Like early Christianity, Islam was monotheistic, that is, Muslims worship only one God.
How did Islam affect Africa?
Islam in Africa has linked together diverse peoples through better cultural understanding and a spirit of cooperation and common weal. … The historial impact of Islam upon trade, particularly in West Africa, greatly increased the wealth of African people and helped form many great African empires.
How did Islam and Christianity differ in their invasions of Africa?
Europeans and Arabs were both primarily concerned with the spread of religion and culture. Europeans sought only the spread of Christianity, while the Arabs were in search of new trade routes. …
Why did the Swahili people convert to Islam?
They came to Africa mainly to do trade. As the Arabs traded in East Africa, they intermarried with the Swahili people. The Arabs also introduced their religion to the Swahili people that led to the majority of Swahili converting to Islam.
What is the religion of East Africa?
The majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam. African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions.
How did Islam influence East African culture?
Islam brought to Africa new religious beliefs, rituals, and practices. Although some African cultures already had the idea of a supreme being, most also recognized the presence of many other minor gods and spirits. The Islamic belief that there is no God but Allah clashed with African polytheistic beliefs.
Why did Islam spread fairly easily in Mali?
Why did Islam spread fairly easily in Mali? People in Mali practiced Islam with their traditional religions. … Mali had become an important empire.